矿床地质:2024,Vol.>>Issue(1):60-70

罗布泊盐湖区固体钾盐沉积特征、分布及成因探讨
中国地质大学(北京)
地球科学与资源学院, 北京 100083;中国地质科学院矿产资源研究所 自然资源部成矿作用与资源评价重点实验室, 北京 100037;中国地质科学院矿产资源研究所 自然资源部成矿作用与资源评价重点实验室, 北京 100037;中国地质大学(武汉)
, 湖北 武汉 430074;国投新疆罗布泊钾盐有限责任公司, 新疆 哈密 839000;中国地质科学院矿产资源研究所 自然资源部成矿作用与资源评价重点实验室, 北京 100037;国投新疆罗布泊钾盐有限责任公司, 新疆 哈密 839000;中国地质科学院矿产资源研究所 自然资源部成矿作用与资源评价重点实验室, 北京 100037;东华理工大学, 江西 南昌 330013
Sedimentary characteristics, distribution and genetic mechanism of solid potash deposits in salt lake of Lop Nur
YIN HuiJing,ZHANG Hua,LIU ChengLin,YAN Hui,JIAO PengCheng,MA BaoCheng,YUAN Miao,ZHAO LiangLiang
(School of Earth Sciences and Resources, China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China;Ministry of Natural Resources Key Laboratory of Metallogeny and Mineral Assessment, Institute of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037, China;Ministry of Natural Resources Key Laboratory of Metallogeny and Mineral Assessment, Institute of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037, China;China University of Geosciences, Wuhan 430074, Hubei, China;State Development and Investment Corporation, Xinjiang Luobupo Potash Co., LTD, Hami 839000, Xinjiang, China;Ministry of Natural Resources Key Laboratory of Metallogeny and Mineral Assessment, Institute of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037, China;State Development and Investment Corporation, Xinjiang Luobupo Potash Co., LTD, Hami 839000, Xinjiang, China;Ministry of Natural Resources Key Laboratory of Metallogeny and Mineral Assessment, Institute of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037, China;East China University of Technology, Nanchang 330013, Jiangxi, China)
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投稿时间:2023-09-01   修订日期:2023-11-02      网络发布日期:2024-03-08
中文摘要:文章对罗布泊盐湖区杂卤石、光卤石、钾盐镁矾等不同类型固体钾盐矿物特征、分布及成因进行了分析总结。杂卤石主要产于罗北凹地内部沉降区,以交代成因类型为主,代表了以硫酸盐型卤水为主体的罗布泊盐湖残余卤水钾镁富集到一定程度与石膏、钙芒硝发生水-盐反应的产物。光卤石沉积主要产于断陷带(近)地表,为深部氯化物型卤水经断裂向上运移至地表、与浅部卤水掺杂经蒸发浓缩而成。钾盐镁矾主要产于南小团地区,其形成可能与凹陷基底反转、罗北凹地高浓度卤水回灌有关。罗布泊盐湖区不同类型的固体钾盐沉积是构造-物源-气候3种成钾要素在特定时间窗下耦合的产物:在干旱气候条件下,构造活动一方面导致盆地地貌分异形成更加封闭的成钾次级凹地,为钾盐沉积提供可容纳空间;另一方面活化断裂为深部流体补给盐湖提供通道,为钾盐沉积提供不同类型的物质来源,改变盐湖卤水化学组成最终形成不同类型钾盐矿物。
中文关键词:固体钾盐  成钾条件  盐湖  罗布泊
Abstract:The sedimentary characteristics, spatial-temporal distribution and genetic formation of various solid potash deposits, mainly including polyhalite, carnallite and kainite in Lop Nur were summarized in this study. Polyhalite sediments mainly formed in subsidence area of Luobei Sag and are characterized by replacement origin. They represent products of water-salt interaction of the potassium- and magnesium-rich residual brine with the existed calcium sulfate like gypsum and glauberite in sulfate-type lake. Sediments of carnallite mainly occur on the surface or near surface of fault zones in Lop Nur that fed by the deep CaCl-type brine through faults. The kainite sediments mainly distributed in Nanxiaotuan area and sourced from recharges of evaporated brine in Luobei Sag due to basement inversion. The formation of solid potassium sediments in Lop Nur rely on the coupling of tectonics, provenances and arid climate in a special time window. Under the arid climate condition, the tectonic activities lead geomorphic divides to form more closed sub-sage that provides accommodations for potash deposits. On the other hand, it reactivated fault to offer essential channels for upward migration of deep fluids that modified chemical composition of lake brine to finally form various potash sediments.
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基金项目:本文得到国家自然科学基金(编号:41972092、40830420)、第三次新疆综合科学考察项目(编号:2022xjkk1303)、新疆维吾尔自治区重大科技专项(编号:2022A03009-2)和国投新疆罗布泊钾盐有限责任公司科技项目联合资助
引用文本:
尹慧晶,张华,刘成林,颜辉,焦鹏程,马宝成,袁苗,赵亮亮.2024.罗布泊盐湖区固体钾盐沉积特征、分布及成因探讨[J].矿床地质,43(1):60~70
YIN HuiJing,ZHANG Hua,LIU ChengLin,YAN Hui,JIAO PengCheng,MA BaoCheng,YUAN Miao,ZHAO LiangLiang.2024.Sedimentary characteristics, distribution and genetic mechanism of solid potash deposits in salt lake of Lop Nur[J].Mineral Deposits43(1):60~70
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